India has over 17% of world’s population living on 2.6% of the world’s geographical area. In recent years, tremendous pressure has been put on land. The demand for land has been a result of the utilisation of land for various uses such as agriculture, urban and rural development (human habitat), industrial development, mining, transportation and environmentally sensitive ecosystem areas.

The increased pressure on land resources demands a robust planning and management approach which balances the competing uses of land to ensure sustainable growth of urban and rural regions. The planning and management of land requires a comprehensive governance structure at all levels to steer how and by whom the land is used. A good strategic governance structure that involves all important and relevant stakeholders can create a “spatial intelligence” to enhance the regulatory functions and uses of land. This can reduce potential conflicts of competing land uses.